This artery passes blood to the kidney
- A. common iliac
- B. cystic
- C. renal
- D. coeliac
Answer: C. renal
The renal arteries carry a large volume of blood from the heart to the kidney. The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood.
There are two renal arteries. The right renal artery supplies blood to the right kidney, while the left artery send blood to the left kidney.
The right renal artery originates from the anterolateral aspect of the aorta and runs in an inferior course behind the inferior vena cava to reach the right kidney, while the left renal artery originates slightly higher and from a more lateral aspect of the aorta, and runs almost horizontally to the left kidney.